You must be thinking, why should you be bothered with the seven principles of interior design? Shouldn't this be the interior designer's job?
Here's why. Firstly, if you know the principles and incorporate them into the interior design scheme, you can play a more active role in creating your dream home. Besides, having a well-designed interior enhances your property's aesthetic and economic value, making it better off in every sense. Contact Sampada Creations, the best interior designers in bangalore.
Are you convinced? Alright, let's go!
Balance means creating visual harmony in the space by ensuring that the elements are evenly distributed. This gives a sense of equilibrium in your design. It can be achieved in many forms, such as shapes, colours, patterns and even textures.
There are three common ways to strike a balance in interior design. Firstly, the traditional symmetrical balance places an object symmetrically on either side of an imaginary central axis. Asymmetrical balance, on the other hand, keeps the focal point on the imaginary axis while allowing dissimilar and oddly numbered objects. The objects should be of similar dimensions to maintain an evenly distributed visual weight. Usually, asymmetrical balance results in a more energetic and natural feel. Lastly, radial balance involves arranging objects around a central focal point, almost always a circle, such as a round dining table or a chandelier.
The unity principle emphasizes a sense of uniformity or harmony among the elements used in the design. These include having similar colours, patterns or textures, equal spacing of objects or repetition of elements to create a visual continuation.
When elements are carefully curated, you feel they come together nicely. For example, if you have a variety of shapes and textures in a space, you can still create unity by using just one colour scheme.
- Theme / pattern
The human brain is drawn to repetition and recognizes similar objects quickly. Thus, theme/pattern creates repetition and contrast in an interior, which helps carry visual interest around the room.
There are many ways to create patterns, such as using the same colour or pattern at different intervals. For example, you can paint a wall green and then use the same colour again on the dining chair cushions. You can also use alternation to create theme by rotating two elements in an ABABAB or ABBABB pattern, such as alternating two pendant lights. If you are feeling more adventurous, try arranging elements in ascending or descending order based on size, colour or other characteristics.
This principle stresses that every room needs one central element as a focal point, and the other items should complement the emphasis such that the focus is always on it. The emphasis can be a large piece of furniture like a grand piano, an art piece like a painting, or a design feature like an accent wall. It can also be in the form of colour, pattern or texture.
Interior' Contrast is created when one combines two or more very different forms. Again, this can be done by colour, form (shape) or space.
The easiest way to achieve contrast is through colours, for example, painting opposite colours like black and white. You can also close two different shapes together, such as balancing a round mirror with a rectangular dining table. Using positive space (space occupied with objects) and negative spaces (space in between objects) is also a distinctive way of creating contrast without crowding the room.
- Scale and Proportion
This principle is all about the ratio. The size and dimension of the objects in a room should relate to one another proportionally so that they don't look out of place. For instance, one should not hang a huge chandelier in a shoebox apartment, while a space with a high ceiling should have larger furniture than bean bags.
There is a golden ratio that designers use – the 1.618 ratios. An invention of the Greeks, artists and architects have used it throughout the ages to achieve harmony in design.
Finally, we have the principle of details, which states that the little things must not be overlooked. And when it comes to details, nothing is too small or unimportant to pay attention to. Every little thing adds something to the overall interior design, from embroideries on the cushions and handles on the cabinets to framed prints on the wall. Tweaking the smallest details distinguishes a good interior design from a great one.
There you are – the seven principles of interior design that can help you create a beautiful space. Be sure to apply them when you are planning your next renovation! For more information about building your dream home, please get in touch with us at
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